Water Buffalo: Domestication SpringerLink The smaller size of species like the pig may have contributed to their survival into the human era – since humans wiped out the last auroch ages ago. For this reason, we will be focusing on the domesticated species Bubalus bubalis instead of the wild Bubalus arnee. The water buffalo is a beautiful member of the bovine family that has been an integral part of human history for over 5,000 years. The buffalo eats grasses, shrubs